The latest report on the Global Philanthropy Environment Index has been released on April 30, 2018.
Formerly known as the Index of Philanthropic Freedom, this report evaluates 79 economies in 11 regions across five key factors that measure the ease with which philanthropic organizations can operate, both within countries and across borders.
The full report can be downloaded at:
Currently only regional reports are available on the website. However, all country reports will become available on the website over the next couple of weeks.
India is grouped under Southern and South-eastern Asia.
The ‘Country Expert’ representing India for this study is the Centre for Advancement of Philanthropy through its Chief Executive, Mr. Noshir H. Dadrawala.
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The Southern and Southeast Asian region includes South Asian countries: Nepal, India, and Pakistan, as well as Southeast Asian countries: Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Singapore.
India, Pakistan, and Nepal are members of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) along with other South Asian nations.
The enabling conditions for the philanthropic environment are at their best in Singapore and the Philippines, and moderate in India, Indonesia, Pakistan, and Thailand, whereas in the remaining regional economies, the situation is not encouraging. The nearly ideal environment in Singapore is attested to by other sources, as well.
Economies with a rather moderate enabling philanthropic environment are those that are doing very well in some areas, but performing badly on many fronts. For example, India, Pakistan, Indonesia, and Thailand have quite liberal policies regarding the formation of organizations, but there are restrictions in certain areas.
With regard to tax exemptions, all four countries have more or less the same environment. While India and Pakistan perform equally well in allowing tax benefits for donors and receivers, Thailand’s tax policies for receiving charitable donations are quite hampering.
Indonesia applies a completely different policy of tax benefit for donors from the rest of the countries in the region. The tax law does not provide tax credits for individuals, but corporate donors receive 100 percent of tax credits.
Sending cross-border donations is one area that seems to be quite restrictive in many of the economies. India not only links the outflow with approval of the Central Board of Direct Taxes, but also conditions donations to match the interests of India as a country. In Pakistan, though the process and policies are clear, sending cross-border donations is a rarely observed practice due to resource scarcity.